A timeseries graph of seawater temperature data measured from the 30m CTD at Global Station Papa Flanking Mooring B, including the mean, median, standard deviation and quartile boxes.

The Upside and Downside of Basic Statistics

When it comes to analyzing and interpreting data, one of the first tools a scientist will reach for are a few basic statistics. This includes calculations like mean, median, standard deviation and range, though there are certainly many others.…
A timeseries graph of seawater temperature data measured from the 30m CTD at Global Station Papa Flanking Mooring B, including the mean, median, standard deviation and quartile boxes.
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Observations and Forecasts of River Floods

Every time it rains there is a potential for flooding to occur. The National Weather Services' Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (AHPS) analyzes data and models to issue forecasts of potential flooding events.
A timeseries graph of seawater temperature data measured from the 30m CTD at Global Station Papa Flanking Mooring B, including the mean, median, standard deviation and quartile boxes.
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USGS WaterWatch

Thanks to a network of over 3,000 stream gages monitored by the U.S. Geological Survey, and the WaterWatch web site, we can easily study how rain and snow impact local streams, rivers and estuaries.
A timeseries graph of seawater temperature data measured from the 30m CTD at Global Station Papa Flanking Mooring B, including the mean, median, standard deviation and quartile boxes.
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A Treasure Trove of Buoy Data

NOAA's National Data Buoy Center is tasked with operating and maintaining a network of over 250 buoys and shore stations that collect and relay real-time data on atmospheric and ocean conditions.